Louis Wirth (August 28, – May 3, ) was an American sociologist and member of the His interests included city life, minority group behaviour and mass media and he is recognised as one of the leading urban sociologists. Wirth writes that urbanism is a form of social organisation that is harmful to culture , and. Louis Wirth posits similar reasons for the differences in the urban and rural milieu as does Georg Simmel. Wirth argues that the shift between. Louis Wirth has mentioned four characteristics of urban system or urbanism Following Louis Wirth, Urbanism is a way of life, is characterised by extensive.
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Read this article to learn about the concept and characteristics of urbanism as a way of life.
Louis Wirth – Wikipedia
The term generally denotes the diffusion of urban culture and the evolution of urban society. Mamoria is of the opinion that urbanism is a cultural- social-economic phenomenon which traces interaction between the social and technological processes. Louis Wirth has mentioned four characteristics of urban system or urbanism — heterogeneity of population, specialisation of function, anonymity and Impersonality and standardisation of behaviour.
Urbanism is a special concept which Inherits within itself all the characters connected with Urbanization and the urban way of life. The concept was given its ae shape by Louis Wirth. Urbanism is a category of relevant element terms. It is a developing concept as the urban life pattern Itself, as it appears, is a developing and constantly changing phenomena. In modern industrialised society, urbanism has become the predominant way of life.
According to some, urbanism Indicate a wide acquaintance with things and people. Such acquaintance imbues the city dwellers with the spirit of tolerance. The urban people learn how to lead different lives in different circumstances.
Following Louis Wirth, Urbanism is a way of life, is characterised by extensive conflicts of norms and values, by rapid social change, by increased social differentiation, ov social mobility, by higher levels of education and income, by emphasis on material possessions and individualism, by impersonality of relationships and decline in Intimate communication and by increase in formal social controls.
The diversity of social life springs from the size, density and heterogeneity of the population, extreme specialization of the various occupations and class structures existing in the larger communities. These latter factors generally result in divergent group norms and values and conflicting social roles. Rapid social and cultural change yrbanism characterize urban life.
So there is decline in the significance of traditional and sacred things. The reduced size of the modern family is the result of rapid social and cultural change. There is superficiality and impersonalness among the urbanities. Urban society is highly heterogeneous and specialised.
So, the result is lack of intimate relationship. The urban people live close together but without emotional ties.
Urban social relation takes place between strangers. Urban people give primary importance to material possessions. They live and are known for their status symbols, bank balances, assets, salaries, buildings with modem furnishings etc. In urban society people become more j individualistic, self-centred, selfish and so on.
They give primary emphasis to their own interests and personal happiness, they develop the attitude towards competition, conflict in relation to economic goods and social position. Here in urban society there is greater mobility.
A sociological definition of the city
People move from one job to another, from one locality to another. Social controls in urban society Is more formal. Responsibility for controlling behaviour in cities is largely shifting to the police, the courts and other agencies of government to enforce the norms of certain groups.
Cities vary in the extent or the degree to which they are characterised by urban qualities. Some cities have less norm and role conflicts, social change, mobility, individualism and impersonality than others. According to Morris Janowitz, Sociologists have failed to take into consideration those impressive degrees and patterns of local community life exist within metropolitan waay. He has suggested that the role of mobility and impersonality in urban life should not be overstated in the factory and other work situations.
Indeed, urbanism is a matter of degree. Drop files here or. Definition, Evolution and Growth. Upload Your Knowledge on Sociology: