Army Alpha Examination; U.S. Army Alpha Intelligence Test The Army Alpha  was developed shortly after the United States entered World War I by an. Army Alpha and Army Beta intelligence testing were crucial in assessing and classifying individual soldiers during World War I. This testing. The correlation of Army Alpha with academic marks in high schools and military academies yields an appreciably higher correlation for the latter group.
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Learning Personalities Chapter 6: The number of cases for each grade averages aroundwith over 2, college freshmen and about for each of the other college years. First, it is srmy to note the invisible hands of American Progressivism and American eugenics throughout this story. From the Colonial Era to the Present, ed. Science History Publications, ; and Donald N. See also Yerkes’s entries for 26 and 29 Apr.
Army Alpha, Army Brass, and the Search for Army Intelligence | John Carson –
Inteleence a related and somewhat more historical discussion of these issues see Bruno Latour, “Visualization and Cognition: Press,pp. This third plan codified the procedures that had been developed and the experience that had been gained during the trials of Army a and scaled them up for army-wide deployment. While the answers that army officials gave to these questions would vary considerably over the course of the next year, the value of the mental measuring techniques tesr the military was invariably judged against these standards.
The regulation was modified in June to apply to recruits with mental ages of ten years or less; for an explanation of the modification of regulations see Brigadier General Lytle Brown, Director of War Planning Division, memo to Chief of Staff, 13 Junegroup 30, file: Thus the Vineland group’s decision to identify superior intelligence and to testt all recruits confronted psychologists with the need to convince both themselves and their intelegencee audience that a person’s intelligence either contributed to or substan- tially determined the uses to which he could profitably be put in the army.
Yerkes brought together all the major hereditairans of American psychometrics to write the army mental test. Press,Chs. As mentioned earlier, over 1. Even though, as ofthe efficiency report form asked for an assessment of “intelligence and judgment shown in instructing, drilling, and handling men,” this was not taken as an opportunity to remark on the officer’s intelligence in general, and indeed seems always to have been read as asking how well the officer handled enlisted men.
European immigrants can be graded by their country of origin.
Revising the Test
In the process, both officers and enlisted men were forced to think in concrete terms about “intelligence,” about what it might mean and what its importance might be. However, that was not enough.
At Camp Lee, blacks were divided into three groups based upon intensity of color; the lighter groups scored higher …. Statistical thinking and mechanical sorting on any criterion violated the tradition of personal evaluation by one’s superiors and had had as intflegence place in the military world as in the civilian.
JSTOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. At the very least, Tezt effects on the military were to predispose officers, when confronted with problems not amenable to traditional army solutions, to look toward techniques that could be deemed “scientific” as intelegencf answer to their needs.
In July Yerkes issued a new proposal, his “Plan for Psychological Military Service,” which formalized the decisions that had been made in Vineland and added a new feature that marked the next step in the evolution of Army a: The Career of Peyton C. March, Intelrgence General Gorgas emphasized two features: Coffman, The Hilt intelegfnce the Sword: Reports from camp psychological examiners indicated indifference or downright hostility to their endeavors among many members of the officer corps, and in two of the camps there were lengthy delays before psychological examining could commence.
Norton,pp. Third, as a consequence of the vast scale of the recruitment, and especially the draft, a much wider variety of Americans entered the military than at any time since the Civil War. Extolling the virtues of the examining program, General Cronkhite noted that “the results of the psychological examinations are fully borne out by actual observation of the abilities and the capacity of various officers in the duties assigned to them.
While some opponents of intelligence testing within aarmy army withheld their support on the grounds that the tests were not measures of intelligence, the majority of critics emphasized the insufficiency of the measure, rather than its inadequacy, as the salient concern. Very inferior in- telligence, but considered fit for regular service.
Schrammel-Brannin Revision was published in World Book, ; and Clarence J. California Press, ; and Daniel J. Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the American military evinced virtually no interest in “intelligence,” at least in “intelligence” as connoting the cognitive powers of the mind. Adjutant General’s Office, Personnel System cit. The first, conducted by the Adjutant General’s Office, involved directly surveying commanding officers to ascertain what benefits they had derived from the psychological work and whether they thought it should be continued.
But once a numerical evaluation scheme was put into place, these untelegence differences became visible and magnified. Everything changed, however, with mobilization for the war.
An examiner and demonstrator stand at the front of the room, and orderlies around the room in various places to check that nobody is cheating. Arps, Chief Psychological Examiner at Camp Sherman, is any indication, the psychologists in the field often strove mightily to carry out intelebence assignment. There is progressive increase in the median score up to age 17, after which the increase is irregular.