However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.
|Published (Last):||9 June 2007|
|PDF File Size:||17.2 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||3.49 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The Battle of the Arius. One of the Bactrian kings, Eucratides I c. This second coming was to prove the dawn of a golden age for the Kingdom, which began to prosper as it expanded in all directions, reaching its territorial peak in BCE.
In addition to its interaction with the Indian subcontinent, the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom as a whole would eventually come to develop increasing contacts with a power even further to the East: This suggests important trade contacts with the Mediterranean, through long and expensive land routes.
During these decades, Ai-Khanoum continued to grow in importance in its role as a trade hub with India. Other parts are more native in nature. The new Alexandrian library is on my list!
Antiochus I Soter The Seleucid Empire was arguably the greatest of the Successor states, at its height encompassing almost all of the former Persian empire, with the notable exception of Egypt. The city became rich because it controlled the trade in lapis lazuli, but it was also situated on the Silk road.
However, this was not to last. History of the Parsis pdf Framjee: This page was last edited on 4 Decemberat Across the valley is a spectacular wall of steep rocks.
It was a major urban centre unlike any that had previously been discovered. The discovery of Ai-Khanoum also gives a new perspective on the influence of Greek culture in the East, and reaffirms the influence of the Greeks on the development of Greco-Buddhist art. The region in which it was located, Bactria, represented the eastern fringe of the empire. Kandahar Edict of Ashoka In the 13th Edict, Ashoka accurately names all of the rulers in the Hellenistic world at the time of the inscription: Part of a series on the.
One of the more entertaining anecdotes highlighting the influence of Hellenistic culture is provided by ancient historian Plutarch:.
History Manners Customs pdf National Geographic Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Ai Khanum is about 2 km long and m wide and was excavated by French archaeologists.
American Journal of Archaeology The region, irrigated by the Oxus, had a rich agricultural potential. Numerous artefacts and structures were found, pointing to a high Hellenistic culture, combined with Khanouj influences. The precepts were placed by a Greek named Clearchos, who may or may not have been Clearchus of Soli the disciple of Aristotle who, according to the same inscription, had copied them from Delphi:.
By use ng these double adjectives you give the impression that these two identities were distinct and separate. You are commenting using your WordPress. One of these economic inscriptions relates in Greek the deposit of olive oil jars in the treasury:.
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia”.
Ai-Khanoum: A Greek city in north-east Afghanistan – Real History
It is not clear exactly how Ai-Khanoum was destroyed, but archaeologists suggest it was totally abandoned by BCE and there is evidence of huge fires in all the major buildings in the city. Ancient Indus Valley Civilisation. One manifestation of this can be found in one of the main temples at Ai-Khanoum, which was dedicated to and housed a large statue of Zeus but was built in the Zoroastrian style with huge enclosing walls rather than the open, columned structure found in traditional Greek temples.
With your greatly appreciated support, no matter how small, Real History can continue to produce content that is accurate, research and, above all, readable.
In some cases, only the hands and feet would be made in marble. During this period, Greek culture was in the ascendency from Greece itself to Egypt and as far as modern Afghanistan. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ai-Khanoum. Some authors have speculated that the image to the plate’s left is that of the goddess Cybele on a chariot pulled by lions. I think the people in the region probably thought they were modern and more khanou than their ancient cities — much like modern people are always interested in new city architecture — our cities are constantly changing, and so it was back then.
Alexander Hamer a Comments.